During the topic Victorious Victorians, the children will discover when Victoria (Britain's second longest reigning monarch) lived and reigned and about her family and personal life. They will then examine the vast expanse of the British Empire and challenge themselves to identify and find the countries and continents this included.
The children will also discover why Britain became the leader in trade and industry during this time thanks to the Industrial Revolution, and find out about the positive and negative effects of the move from rural to urban life on the ordinary people of Britain.
The children will identify inventions created during the Victorian era and discover some of the social and technological advances of the time, they will then explore how these affected everyday life. In addition to inventions, they will find out about other key influences during the era such as the work of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and his pioneering designs for bridges, tunnels, ships and trains, before looking in more detail at the Clifton Suspension Bridge. Children will then have the opportunity to work with different materials to design, make and evaluate their own model bridge based on Brunel's designs.
During the second half term, the children will continue to look at key influences and discover the roles Dr Barnardo and Lord Shaftesbury played in looking at the laws and changes that were made during this period of time to protect children.
They will then move on to looking at health and medicine. The children will find out about more extra-ordinary people and how advances in medical care (such as antiseptics, anesthetics and better nursing standards) helped to reduce death rates from some gruesome diseases.
The children will discover the world of the Arts and Crafts movement and find out who William Morris was, and what kind of art he produced, before designing their own wallpaper based on what they have learnt. The children will then compare his work to that of a modern-day artist and give their opinions. In addition to this, they will discover the popular Victorian art of decoupage, before creating either a Victorian or modern piece of decoupage artwork.
Finally, they will be introduced to the Quaker movement, exploring how it began in 1650 and what Quakers believe and how they worship, before thinking about how Quaker beliefs and practices differ from those of other Christian groups.
During the summer holidays, the children received a telegram inviting them to enroll in a Victorian School in September. On the children’s first day back, their Victorian schoolmistress greeted them and the hand-bell was rung to signal the start of the day. The boys were asked to line up in front of the girls and were led in by their mistress. In the classroom, the tables and chairs were all set out in rows and the children were introduced to the first couple of Victorian rules: ‘Children should be seen and not heard.’ and ‘Only talk when spoken to’. Throughout the day, the children participated in a range of activities such as: hand inspection, reading, writing and arithmetic as well as drill and learning the National Anthem.
Over the term, in addition to maths and English homework, the children will be encouraged to complete a range of activities from:
- Finding out about popular street entertainment during Victorian times and then creating a piece of work to share their findings.
- Making a model of a bellow camera or a candlestick telephone and then explaining how it worked.
- Researching Victorian toys and creating your own with a set of instructions on how you made it and how to play it.
Click here to see the long term plans for this term.
It is important that the children have their P.E. in school at all times. Please ensure that hair is tied back and, if possible, jewellery and watches are not worn on these days.